Augmented Reality(AR) is one of the most popular trends among various industries on earth at the current moment. Essentially, integration of digital data with user’s surroundings in the actual time is known as Augmented Reality. AR utilizes the current real environment and digitally overlays new information on its best in the kind of videos, pictures, music and even maps. When the real world view (indirect or direct ) is augmented using superimposed computer generated pictures, the current view of the physical or real world becomes improved. AR can be simply understood using the example of rather famous social media program, Snapchat. This app captures the real time images and videos and provides amazing filters for them using AR technology. Businesses are inclining towards this mobile app development technologies to improve the interaction with their consumers.

Augmented Reality and Its History

Augmented Reality makes your planet more exciting and thrilling. Not just in amusement but in addition, it uses in various businesses and business verticals throughout the globe. The word Augmented is based on the word Augment which means to include or to boost something.

The Chronicles

The concept of AR was first seen at the year 1901 when famous author L.Frank Baum in his novel mentioned the idea of AR, based on that electronic eyeglasses mapped data on individuals via a”character maker” device. Later in 1957 famous cinematographer, Morton Heilig devised a sensor called Sensorama that gives sensations of artwork, sounds, odor and vibration. Decades later in 1992, Louis Rosenberg developed among the earliest working Augmented Reality systems, called Virtual Fixtures. It was designed to fulfill the requirement of high-speed 3D graphics. Gradually the technology has gone through various changes and improvements. The most recent example of AR technology is the game namely”Pokemon Move” that premiered in July 2016 by Niantic, an American software development firm. It has been in the news for numerous reasons (good and bad both). But it has given new dimensions to AR-based games.


What are the types of Augmented Reality?

AR is categorized into different categories. Each category is having a different use in the different case. The following are major 4 type of Augmented Reality:
Projection Augmented Reality

Marker-Based Augmented Reality

Marker-Based AR is also called Picture Recognition or Recognition based AR. In simple words, this technology uses the camera in AR device to create a outcome. QR and 2D are the illustrations of the visual mark. The users get the result when camera reader feels the marker.

The marker-based AR technology is having the following applications:

  • It detects the thing in the front of the camera and supplies information regarding the detected item on the screen.
  • It translates the words seen from the camera with Optical Character Recognition technologies and shows them with the translated version.
  • The technology is also helpful in education as it helps pupils to bring their creativity turned into reality.
  • It also aids in generating 3D simulations of those items or architectures without creating it in bodily form.

In this technology, the position and orientation of the object are calculated first and later the gathered information is overlaid from the marker, on the item.

Marker-less Augmented Reality

Marker-less Augmented Reality can also be called location-based AR. It is among the most frequently used and implemented type of technology. Marker-less is also known as place based AR and GPS based Augmented Technology. Marker-Less AR is the only kind of AR technology which does not utilize any sort of recognition system and hence it doesn’t need augmentation. Another difference isthe location-based AR does not know about the object whereas recognition established AR apps do. To supply a fecund outcome, this technology uses various location tools and helps in recognizing location on your devices. The location tools are as follows: GPS, electronic compass, speed meter and, accelerometer. This technology proves as a helping hand to voracious travelers in discovering their locations/destinations and works by recognizing the current location of the consumer. It finds orientation, reads the data via GPS and calls the locations where the user wants to go and eventually demonstrate the relevant information on their screen of consumer Smartphone. Mapping the instructions and searching the nearby areas are other uses of location-based AR. Evident to its title that this technology is based on AR projection function, where lighting in the device projected on the objects. There are numerous approaches that make this technology more interesting. Among those approaches is throwing the light on the surface of the actual world which makes it interactive with the human touch with the help of sensors. The projection can also be done in conjunction with the help of laser plasma technologies. It aids in analyzing the structure and configurations of projected pictures. Example: When the light of the calculator is thrown via projection-based AR device on your hand the 12 partitions in your hand will become 12 buttons and a user can touch these buttons also may socialize with them.

Superimposition Based Augmented Reality

It’s indeed one of the most essential kinds of technology where thing recognition plays an important part. In this technology, the augmented picture can replace the initial picture, either partly or fully. The technology is useful in the health care field. A physician can completely analyze patient and gives a proper treatment. The technology can be helpful in a military program as superimposition based AR can provide a number of views of a goal with no distraction. This tech could be a boon for history fans as a superimposition of historical images over current you can reveal a lot of secret about the past. It can also help in making science education more interesting for instance, studying bone construction.


Future of Augmented Reality

Gone are the times when AR was just restricted to sci-fi novels and movies. Today, all smartphones users can enjoy this technology in a nominal cost. Gradually AR technology has expanded its measurements and is now coming in the use of various disciplines like medical, military research, instruction, safety and art & architecture. Employing this emerging technology is surely a guarantee to another world that the forthcoming future is about Augmented Tech. It will certainly help people to enhance the standard of work and aids in raising the efficiency. Already mobile phones are such an integral part of our lives that they might as well be extensions of our bodies; as technology can be further incorporated in our own lives without being intrusive (a la Google Glass) — it is a certainty that augmented reality provides opportunities to improve user experiences beyond measure”

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